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Outstanding Roman monuments in Trier, Germany

Porta Nigra is the best preserved Roman city gate in the world, dating from the 2nd century; it was not designed to be black but has turned black over time

Porta Nigra is the best preserved Roman city gate in the world, dating from the 2nd century; it was not designed to be black but has turned black over time

The Constantine Basilica is either the largest or second largest (to the Pantheon in Rome) room building surviving from Roman times; the building is truly enormous at 67 m long, 27 m wide and 33 m high

The Constantine Basilica is either the largest or second largest (to the Pantheon in Rome) room building surviving from Roman times; the building is truly enormous at 67 m long, 27 m wide and 33 m high

The Baroque Electoral Palace was built from 1751-1761 and is attached to the Basilica; the timing of my visit could have been better as the city hit 99 degrees, an all-time record

The Baroque Electoral Palace was built from 1751-1761 and is attached to the Basilica; the timing of my visit could have been better as the city hit 99 degrees, an all-time record

The Amphitheater would seat 20000 and is part of Trier's UNESCO World Heritage Site; the 2nd century structure is still used for concerts (notice the hillside vineyards; the area is a popular wine region)

The Amphitheater would seat 20000 and is part of Trier's UNESCO World Heritage Site; the 2nd century structure is still used for concerts (notice the hillside vineyards; the area is a popular wine region)

This house was built in 1727 and Karl Marx was born here in 1818; the museum here paints a picture of Marx’s social relevance with a well-researched exhibition on his impact and influence on the world

This house was built in 1727 and Karl Marx was born here in 1818; the museum here paints a picture of Marx’s social relevance with a well-researched exhibition on his impact and influence on the world

St. Peter's Fountain (1595); Trier was founded in the 4th century BC and conquered by the Romans in the 1st century AD

St. Peter's Fountain (1595); Trier was founded in the 4th century BC and conquered by the Romans in the 1st century AD

St. Peter's Cathedral is the oldest bishop's church in Germany; the Roman central section dates from the 4th century

St. Peter's Cathedral is the oldest bishop's church in Germany; the Roman central section dates from the 4th century

The Market Cross in the foreground dates from 958 while the white city council's banqueting house is from the 15th century

The Market Cross in the foreground dates from 958 while the white city council's banqueting house is from the 15th century

The city is really associating itself with Karl Marx; I'm not sure a philosopher and anti-capitalist makes for a very appealing draw

The city is really associating itself with Karl Marx; I'm not sure a philosopher and anti-capitalist makes for a very appealing draw

Simeonstrasse, the main pedestrian shopping street, shown from the Porta Nigra to the Hauptmarket; many tourists visit Trier as an easy day trip from Luxembourg

Simeonstrasse, the main pedestrian shopping street, shown from the Porta Nigra to the Hauptmarket; many tourists visit Trier as an easy day trip from Luxembourg

Trier was one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire with, perhaps, 100000 people; it was the capital of a region that includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the UK

Trier was one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire with, perhaps, 100000 people; it was the capital of a region that includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Belgium, Germany, Luxembourg and the UK

There is a small chapel behind the large altarpiece in the Cathedral that protects its most precious relic - The Holy Robe (the tunic of Christ)

There is a small chapel behind the large altarpiece in the Cathedral that protects its most precious relic - The Holy Robe (the tunic of Christ)

Constantine converted to Christianity in 330AD and had the grandest ensemble of ecclesiastical structures outside Rome constructed here; on a plan four times the size of the present cathedral were no less than four basilicas, a baptistery and outbuildings

Constantine converted to Christianity in 330AD and had the grandest ensemble of ecclesiastical structures outside Rome constructed here; on a plan four times the size of the present cathedral were no less than four basilicas, a baptistery and outbuildings

The Gothic cloisters were built between 1245 and 1270 connecting the Cathedral to the Church of our Lady; tons of tourists here including groups from Viking river cruises

The Gothic cloisters were built between 1245 and 1270 connecting the Cathedral to the Church of our Lady; tons of tourists here including groups from Viking river cruises

Windows from Church of our Lady; the tourist information is very well done here with brochures at most of the 8 UNESCO sites in English

Windows from Church of our Lady; the tourist information is very well done here with brochures at most of the 8 UNESCO sites in English

The basilica was used as the throne room for Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (4th century); the basilica is part of the UNESCO World Heritage listing with the other Roman buildings

The basilica was used as the throne room for Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (4th century); the basilica is part of the UNESCO World Heritage listing with the other Roman buildings

The Imperial Baths date from the 4th century and were some of the largest built anywhere; Trier is a sister city with Fort Worth

The Imperial Baths date from the 4th century and were some of the largest built anywhere; Trier is a sister city with Fort Worth

The 2nd century Roman bridge across the Mosel is the oldest bridge north of the Alps still crossed by traffic; the pillars are original and date from 16 BC

The 2nd century Roman bridge across the Mosel is the oldest bridge north of the Alps still crossed by traffic; the pillars are original and date from 16 BC

An original copy of Karl Marx's famous work; there are numerous Marx exhibitions in Trier now as the city celebrates his 200th birthday

An original copy of Karl Marx's famous work; there are numerous Marx exhibitions in Trier now as the city celebrates his 200th birthday

The Old Crane was built in 1413 along the Mosel River; Trier only has 115,000 people with a compact, largely pedestrianized city center

The Old Crane was built in 1413 along the Mosel River; Trier only has 115,000 people with a compact, largely pedestrianized city center

St. George's Fountain (1750) on the Kornmarket Square in front of the post office; the border with Luxembourg is only 9 miles away

St. George's Fountain (1750) on the Kornmarket Square in front of the post office; the border with Luxembourg is only 9 miles away

Trier is also famous for having the largest witch trials in European history (from 1581-1593); as many as 1000 people were executed which would be the biggest mass execution in Europe during peace time

Trier is also famous for having the largest witch trials in European history (from 1581-1593); as many as 1000 people were executed which would be the biggest mass execution in Europe during peace time

The Fountain of Crafts (1984) features 36 figures representing a variety of professions which have played an important role in the history of Trier

The Fountain of Crafts (1984) features 36 figures representing a variety of professions which have played an important role in the history of Trier

The Forum Baths date from the 1st century and were originally 8000 sq meters (they are now covered for conservation); they were only discovered in 1987 when excavations for an underground parking garage revealed them

The Forum Baths date from the 1st century and were originally 8000 sq meters (they are now covered for conservation); they were only discovered in 1987 when excavations for an underground parking garage revealed them

This map shows the 4 provinces of the Roman Empire with Trier leading the area on the left; in 407 AD, the prefecture was moved from Trier to Arles, France

This map shows the 4 provinces of the Roman Empire with Trier leading the area on the left; in 407 AD, the prefecture was moved from Trier to Arles, France

Cathedral; Trier is known for a popular local dish called teerdisch which is a melange of potatoes and sauerkraut

Cathedral; Trier is known for a popular local dish called teerdisch which is a melange of potatoes and sauerkraut

Gothic Market church St. Gangolf (14th - 16th century); this is the second oldest church in Trier after the Cathedral

Gothic Market church St. Gangolf (14th - 16th century); this is the second oldest church in Trier after the Cathedral

Rear section of the Cathedral is unlike anything I've seen before in a church; Trier is the oldest seat of a bishop north of the Alps

Rear section of the Cathedral is unlike anything I've seen before in a church; Trier is the oldest seat of a bishop north of the Alps

The Cathedral and Church of our Lady complex as seen from the Porta Nigra; it's tough to imagine such huge buildings in the 11th and 13th centuries, respectively

The Cathedral and Church of our Lady complex as seen from the Porta Nigra; it's tough to imagine such huge buildings in the 11th and 13th centuries, respectively

The 13th century, late Romanesque house called the Epiphany House; originally the door on the right side of the second story was the front door and reached with a removable ladder

The 13th century, late Romanesque house called the Epiphany House; originally the door on the right side of the second story was the front door and reached with a removable ladder

Modern stained glass windows in the Church of our Lady; most attractions in Trier were free with others (amphitheatre, Karl Marx House and Imperial Baths) costing $5 each

Modern stained glass windows in the Church of our Lady; most attractions in Trier were free with others (amphitheatre, Karl Marx House and Imperial Baths) costing $5 each

The Roman Barbara Baths date from the 2nd century and were the largest Roman baths north of the Alps; they were second in size only to baths in Rome

The Roman Barbara Baths date from the 2nd century and were the largest Roman baths north of the Alps; they were second in size only to baths in Rome

An original copy of the Communist Manifesto at the Karl Marx Museum; Marx was exiled in 1845 and remained stateless until his death in 1883

An original copy of the Communist Manifesto at the Karl Marx Museum; Marx was exiled in 1845 and remained stateless until his death in 1883

Trier is known as the center of the Mosel Riesling wine area; between Luxembourg and Trier the hillsides were covered with vineyards

Trier is known as the center of the Mosel Riesling wine area; between Luxembourg and Trier the hillsides were covered with vineyards

The Church of our Lady, adjacent to the Cathedral, is the earliest Gothic church in Germany (13th century)

The Church of our Lady, adjacent to the Cathedral, is the earliest Gothic church in Germany (13th century)

The Church of our Lady was built in 1260; its atypical form includes cross-shaped vaulting with four corresponding portals in rounded niches completed by eight rounded altar niches resembling a twelve-petaled rose, a symbol of the Virgin Mary

The Church of our Lady was built in 1260; its atypical form includes cross-shaped vaulting with four corresponding portals in rounded niches completed by eight rounded altar niches resembling a twelve-petaled rose, a symbol of the Virgin Mary

The Imperial Baths was converted into a castle in the Middle Ages; in 316 AD, the baths were not yet finished when worked ended

The Imperial Baths was converted into a castle in the Middle Ages; in 316 AD, the baths were not yet finished when worked ended

Porta Nigra represents the last bastion of the Roman Empire's presence north of the Alps; a church was built adjoining the gate but was destroyed by Napoleon

Porta Nigra represents the last bastion of the Roman Empire's presence north of the Alps; a church was built adjoining the gate but was destroyed by Napoleon

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Trier was sought by France which invaded four separate times eventually conquering the city in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars

In the 17th and 18th centuries, Trier was sought by France which invaded four separate times eventually conquering the city in 1794 during the French Revolutionary Wars

St. Mary's Column is on the right hillside; she stands 130 feet high, was built in 1866 and reminds me of the Liberty Statue in Budapest

St. Mary's Column is on the right hillside; she stands 130 feet high, was built in 1866 and reminds me of the Liberty Statue in Budapest

Posted by VagabondCowboy 09:30

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