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Jacques Cousteau once led excellent Monaco aquarium

The Oceanographic Museum, established in 1910, was led by Jacques Cousteau from 1957 to 1988

The Oceanographic Museum, established in 1910, was led by Jacques Cousteau from 1957 to 1988

Humpback grouper; this species is listed as vulnerable and is native to the Indo-West Pacific region

Humpback grouper; this species is listed as vulnerable and is native to the Indo-West Pacific region

Bride of the Sea; the species were almost all well identified (in French and English)

Bride of the Sea; the species were almost all well identified (in French and English)

Sea mushrooms; natives of Monaco are known as Monegasque, and those resident in Monaco but born elsewhere are known as Monacoian

Sea mushrooms; natives of Monaco are known as Monegasque, and those resident in Monaco but born elsewhere are known as Monacoian

One of the world's oldest aquariums, the museum was commissioned by Prince Albert I who was the great grandfather of current leader, Prince Albert II

One of the world's oldest aquariums, the museum was commissioned by Prince Albert I who was the great grandfather of current leader, Prince Albert II

Cassiopea; also known as upside down jellyfish, they are found in the warm waters of Florida and the Caribbean; often in mangroves, canals and mudflats

Cassiopea; also known as upside down jellyfish, they are found in the warm waters of Florida and the Caribbean; often in mangroves, canals and mudflats

Copper band butterflyfish; very pretty fish that I don't recall seeing on my snorkeling adventures

Copper band butterflyfish; very pretty fish that I don't recall seeing on my snorkeling adventures

Clownfish; since Finding Nemo, clownfish always seem to be a star attraction at any aquarium

Clownfish; since Finding Nemo, clownfish always seem to be a star attraction at any aquarium

Surgeonfish; these fish have razor-sharp spines called scalpels at the base of their tail that are as sharp as a knife

Surgeonfish; these fish have razor-sharp spines called scalpels at the base of their tail that are as sharp as a knife

Guineafowl pufferfish; these guys are poisonous because they ingest bacteria that accumulates in their tissues

Guineafowl pufferfish; these guys are poisonous because they ingest bacteria that accumulates in their tissues

Soapfish; this species secretes a toxin that can be fatal to a predator if it remains in the poisonous cloud

Soapfish; this species secretes a toxin that can be fatal to a predator if it remains in the poisonous cloud

Blue tang; wonder why the blue tang and yellow tang have such different shapes

Blue tang; wonder why the blue tang and yellow tang have such different shapes

Sailfin snapper aka blue-lined sea bream; common sight around coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region

Sailfin snapper aka blue-lined sea bream; common sight around coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region

Black-spotted puffer aka dog-faced puffer; common Indo-Pacific reef fish that can inflate its body by inhaling air or water to intimidate predators

Black-spotted puffer aka dog-faced puffer; common Indo-Pacific reef fish that can inflate its body by inhaling air or water to intimidate predators

Yellow tang; one of the most common saltwater aquarium fish, this species is found in the Pacific around coral reefs

Yellow tang; one of the most common saltwater aquarium fish, this species is found in the Pacific around coral reefs

Banded grouper; citizens of Monaco have enjoyed a tax-free lifestyle since the 1870s when the principality was funded solely by the casino; today the casino is only 5% o the revenue

Banded grouper; citizens of Monaco have enjoyed a tax-free lifestyle since the 1870s when the principality was funded solely by the casino; today the casino is only 5% of the revenue

Short-snouted seahorse; native to Australia, this species grows to only 3.9 inches long

Short-snouted seahorse; native to Australia, this species grows to only 3.9 inches long

Piranhas; one of the more interesting species for the kids visiting; I enjoyed hearing the explanations of the English-speaking parents

Piranhas; one of the more interesting species for the kids visiting; I enjoyed hearing the explanations of the English-speaking parents

Impressive squid model; outside of the aquarium area the signage was more likely absent or only in French

Impressive squid model; outside of the aquarium area the signage was more likely absent or only in French

View of Monaco (and France) from the roof of the Oceanographic Museum; it's difficult to figure out where the border actually is

View of Monaco (and France) from the roof of the Oceanographic Museum; it's difficult to figure out where the border actually is

Nautilus; relatively unchanged for millions of years, this species can live up to 15 years

Nautilus; relatively unchanged for millions of years, this species can live up to 15 years

Queen angelfish; in 2014, only 30% o the Monaco population were millionaires (the other 70% mst be children or household help)

Queen angelfish; in 2014, only 30% of the Monaco population were millionaires (the other 70% must be children or household help)

A large room was dedicated to stuffed and unusual animals; bones of large mammals and fish weren't well identified

A large room was dedicated to stuffed and unusual animals; bones of large mammals and fish weren't well identified

Mosaic in lobby of the building; the museum is world famous for its conservation and research initiatives

Mosaic in lobby of the building; the museum is world famous for its conservation and research initiatives

More than 6000 specimens swim around in 100 pools; admission was 14 euros

More than 6000 specimens swim around in 100 pools; admission was 14 euros

One of the few museums I've visited that helpfully had arrows on the floor showing you the route your visit should take

One of the few museums I've visited that helpfully had arrows on the floor showing you the route your visit should take

Emperor angelfish; native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, I always enjoy seeing these guys when snorkeling

Emperor angelfish; native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, I always enjoy seeing these guys when snorkeling

Big bellied seahorse; first identified in 1827, this species, like most seahorses, is endangered due to its use in Chinese medicine and habitat destruction

Big bellied seahorse; first identified in 1827, this species, like most seahorses, is endangered due to its use in Chinese medicine and habitat destruction

There is no airport in Monaco, the closest is the Nice airport 14 miles away; Monaco is one of the safest countries in the world

There is no airport in Monaco, the closest is the Nice airport 14 miles away; Monaco is one of the safest countries in the world

Wide eyed flounder; it's amazing how well these fish can blend in to their surroundings; they also don't swim vertically like most fish

Wide eyed flounder; it's amazing how well these fish can blend in to their surroundings; they also don't swim vertically like most fish

Long spine slate on the left is a type of sea urchin found in deep waters; a butterfly blenny is on the right immobile watching the tourists

Long spine slate on the left is a type of sea urchin found in deep waters; a butterfly blenny is on the right immobile watching the tourists

Australian spotted jellyfish; these nasty critters can grow to 50 cms

Australian spotted jellyfish; these nasty critters can grow to 50 cms

My friend coming to say hi; he was the only turtle I saw in the entire aquarium

My friend coming to say hi; he was the only turtle I saw in the entire aquarium

Monaco is the world's most densely populated state but only has 40,000 people

Monaco is the world's most densely populated state but only has 40,000 people

European lobster; museum was crowded with lots of kids enjoying the fish (all looking for Dory)

European lobster; museum was crowded with lots of kids enjoying the fish (all looking for Dory)

Madeira rockfish; species was first identified in 1833 off the Madeira Islands and found in the east central Atlantic and western Mediterranean

Madeira rockfish; species was first identified in 1833 off the Madeira Islands and found in the east central Atlantic and western Mediterranean

Camouflaged turbot; a common fish of the north Atlantic and Mediterranean that is increasingly farmed throughout Europe and China

Camouflaged turbot; a common fish of the north Atlantic and Mediterranean that is increasingly farmed throughout Europe and China

Flying gurnard; this unusual fish spreads its wings when excited but is not what we commonly call a flying fish

Flying gurnard; this unusual fish spreads its wings when excited but is not what we commonly call a flying fish

Blackspotted Rubber Lip; not the most flattering name for a fish

Blackspotted Rubber Lip; not the most flattering name for a fish

These zebra sharks were sleeping and never moved much; Prince Albert led 28 scientific missions and dedicated a large part of his life to studying the oceans

These zebra sharks were sleeping and never moved much; Prince Albert led 28 scientific missions and dedicated a large part of his life to studying the oceans

Bride of the Sea; aquarium doesn't appear to have been modernized since first opening with generally small tanks and no really large species

Bride of the Sea; aquarium doesn't appear to have been modernized since first opening with generally small tanks and no really large species

They had a cool jellyfish cylinder with a variety of species; glad I haven't seen any in water yet!

They had a cool jellyfish cylinder with a variety of species; glad I haven't seen any in water yet!

This two seater submarine was built in 1966 to search for red coral in the Mediterranean Sea

This two seater submarine was built in 1966 to search for red coral in the Mediterranean Sea

I debated about going to the museum since I was already tired but am glad I made the decision to see the well-done exhibits

I debated about going to the museum since I was already tired but am glad I made the decision to see the well-done exhibits

The Baroque Revival architecture of the Oceanographic Museum is in stark contrast to the rest of the old town; it took 100,000 tons of stone to complete

The Baroque Revival architecture of the Oceanographic Museum is in stark contrast to the rest of the old town; it took 100,000 tons of stone to complete

Monaco is surrounded by France (and the Mediterranean); it's only 2 square kilometers but sure felt like much more when walking around

Monaco is surrounded by France (and the Mediterranean); it's only 2 square kilometers but sure felt like much more when walking around

Posted by VagabondCowboy 01:23

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